The City of London Ontario

The city of London, located in Southwestern Ontario, is the 11th largest city in Canada by metropolitan area and 6th largest city in Ontario, both from 2011 census data.

Location

The map in Figure 1 shows the geographical location of London. Street names are found by zooming in using the “+” and “-” buttons in the upper left of the map. In the upper right are buttons to switch views between map and satellite imagery.

Figure 1. Interactive location map.

Source: Mapquest.

Underneath the map on the left is a button to open another window with a larger map image in it. This image has easier-to-use controls in the upper right corner.

Demographics

According to City Data, some demographic characteristics of London are:

  • Population: 366,151 in 2011. The population growth rate of 3.9% is below the 2006 – 2011 provincial average of 5.7%.
  • Labour and wages: the participation and employment rates are slightly below provincial averages while the unemployment rate is higher.
  • Language used: English 97%; other 3%.
  • Education: slightly above the provincial averages in most categories.
  • Citizenship and immigration: 1.4% aboriginal and 13.8% visible minorities with a close balance among 16% Arab, 16% Black, 16% Latin American, 13% Chinese and 13% South Asian American.

Source: London – City, Ontario, Canada.

Climate and Soil

London is in plant hardiness zone either 6a (see interactive map) or 6b (see Plant Hardiness Zone by Municipality, interactive list). A large scale map of the zones is shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Plant hardiness zones of Southern Ontario (click to enlarge).

Source: GEOSCAN.

The table London Average Monthly Climate Data & Extremes, has values for many climate parameters (taken from Ontario, Canada Climate Stats). Selections are:

  • Annual rainfall: 81.8 cm.
  • Annual snowfall: 20.2 cm.
  • Annual precipitation: 98.7 cm.

A survey of Ontario soils has been made over the years. These are collected by county in the table Historical Soil Maps and Reports at the bottom of page Use of Soil and Canada Land Inventory (CLI) Information for Agricultural Land Use Planning in Ontario.

Power

London Hydro is a Local Distribution Company that services the city of London, Ontario, Canada.  With a peak load of 719 megawatts, it delivers electricity to over 152,549 customers. The sole shareholder is the City of London.

Annual reports are available online with the latest being the 2014 Annual Report. Conservation & Demand Management (CDM) Annual Reports required by regulations are also available.

Gas

Union Gas provides gas services within the municipality. Head office is in Chatham with district offices in Windsor, Chatham, London, Sarnia, Waterloo, and Brantford in Southwestern Ontario.

Water

The City of London purchases its treated drinking water from the Joint Boards of Management (Lake Huron and Elgin Area Primary Water Supply Systems (LHEWSS); also see this news release). It receives approximately 85% of its treated water from Lake Huron and 15% from Lake Erie. The City owns and operates the City of London Distribution System.

LHEWSS chlorinates water before distribution and London adds fluoride (read: Water Treatment and Distribution in London). Neither agency uses chloramines  (chlorine plus ammonia) (read: Water Quality).

For a more detailed description of the treatment of water and the regional distribution network, read our post: Lake Huron and Elgin Water Supply Systems (LHEWSS).

The Summary and Annual Reports required by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment will be available to the public without charge, beginning March 1st of the following year. The current report is 2014 Summary Annual Report.

Medical Facilities

Real Estate

A selection of the major real estate firms:

Transportation

Available public transportation:

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