Trees and Shrubs

In the following table, “Z” stands for plant hardiness zone and “S” stands for the season when the fruit or seed is mostly available.

PlantZSMaximum Hight x Width; characteristicsBird species Attracted
American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)3-8W30 feet; pollination needs one male for every five females.Robins, waxwings, cardinals, vireos, tanagers, grosbeaks, others
American cranberrybush viburnum (Viburnum trilobum)2-7S-W8 to 10 feet tall
Arborvitae  (Thuja occidentalis)3-7dense, with a pyramidal shape
Beautyberry (Callicarpa spp.)5-8F-Wfast-growing shrub that will reach about 4 feet in height
Crabapple (Malus spp.)3-9F-WRobins, bluebirds, thrushes, catbirds, cardinals, waxwings, Pine Grosbeaks, finches, many others
**Elderberries (Sambucus spp.)3-9S10 feetIndigo Bunting, Oriole, bluebirds, Grosbeak(s), Song Sparrow, Warblers, tanagers, catbirds; thrashers. mockingbirds, waxwings
*Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)2-8Fornamental tree, to 40 feet highRobins, bluebirds, thrushes, catbirds, cardinals, tanagers, grosbeaks, woodpeckers, thrashers, mockingbirds.
Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)W45 feet
Hibiscus4-9to 7×3 feetHummingbirds
Holly (Ilex spp.); Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)5-9F-Wsmall bushes to 60-foot treesRobins, bluebirds, waxwings, thrushes, woodpeckers, catbirds, thrashers, mockingbirds.
**Red-osier dogwood, gray dogwood …  (Cornus spp.)F4-10 feet. Fruit with high fat contentRobins, bluebirds, thrushes, catbirds, vireos, kingbirds, juncos, cardinals, warblers, Wild Turkey, grouse, others
Mountain ash2-6F-Wrobins, cedar waxwings
**Mulberries (Morus spp.)SMedium-sized trees, 30 to 60 feetRobins, waxwings, cardinals, warblers, orioles, tanagers, catbirds, thrashers, mockingbirds, bluebirds, thrushes.
*Nannyberry, arrowwood (Viburnum spp.)F-W35 feetRobins, bluebirds, thrushes, catbirds, cardinals, finches, waxwings, Pine Grosbeaks, finches, waxwings
*Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)F-WTree Swallows (especially wintering), catbirds, bluebirds, many others.
Red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)4-9F-W6 to 10 feet
Russian olive
**Serviceberry or Shagbush (Amelanchier spp.)3-9SMedium-sized trees, 25 to 60 feet highRobins, waxwings, cardinals, vireos, tanagers, grosbeaks, mockingbirds, thrashers, flickers, downy woodpeckers, chickadees
**Weigela4-8Sshrub; Weigela WINE & ROSESHummingbirds

Flowers and Vines

A list of flowers includes:

  • Allium(Allium, Zones 2 to 10)
  • Aster (Aster, Zones 3 to 8)
  • Bee balm (Monarda, Zones 3 to 9)
  • Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia, Zones 3 to 9)
  • Blanket Flower (Gaillardia, Zones 3 to 10)
  • Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis) – hummingbirds
  • Coneflower (Echinacea, Zones 3 to 9) – goldfinches and other birds in the fall.
  • Coreopsis (Coreopsis, Zones 3 to 11)
  • Goldenrod (Solidago, Zones 3 to 9)
  • Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens) – hummingbirds, orioles, berries for finches and thrushes
  • Sedum (Sedum, Zones 3 to 10)
  • Sunflower (Helianthus spp.)
  • Trumpet vine (Campsis radicans, Zones 4 to 9) – hummingbirds
  • Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinqefolia) – mockingbirds, nuthatches, woodpeckers and blue jays

References


The POOG

I started a blog in 2011 called The POOG, an acronym for "pissed off old guy". This is the current incarnation.

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